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  • Writer's pictureDAC-CSO Reference Group

A call to uphold the principles of the DAC Recommendation on Enabling Civil Society


Photo by Louise Phiri / Oxfam


As it is now widespread in the development community, in mid-March the Swedish aid agency, Sida, announced abruptly that all contracts with their 17 Strategic Partner Organizations in Sweden´s Civil Society Strategy would come to an end by the end of this year. This decision affects more than 1750 partner organisations in 90 countries. Little information was provided as to future funding modalities, nor consultation was held with affected organizations in Sweden or in the global South.

 

The DAC-CSO Reference group is aware of these precipitate shifts, in particular, our working group on the DAC Recommendation on Enabling Civil Society in Development Co-operation and Humanitarian Assistance. Following substantive discussions, the group proposed a letter that raises critical issues about the decisions and actions of Sweden in relation to the commitments made in the DAC Recommendation.

 

The letter is directed to the DAC Chair and the members of the DAC Community of Practice (CoP) on Civil Society. This CoP has responsibility for promoting and implementing the recommendation among all DAC members. It has been signed by 340 organisations from more than 60 countries, showing the impact of the decision and its notoriety for the civil society community. See the Letter below.

 

April 29, 2024


To: Carsten Staur, Development Assistance Committee (DAC) Chair


CC: Pia Hänni, Co-chair, DAC Community of Practice on Civil Society,

Head of Swiss NGO Section, Division Multilateral Affairs and Swiss NGOs, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation


Caro Krijger, Co-chair, DAC Community of Practice on Civil Society, Head Civil Society Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Netherlands


DAC Members in the DAC Community of Practice on Civil Society


A call to uphold the principles of the DAC Recommendation on Enabling Civil Society


As organizations deeply committed to the implementation of the DAC Recommendation on Enabling Civil Society, we are writing to the DAC and its Community of Practice with alarm about the nature of recent decisions in Sweden that will seriously affect its support for civil society, the quality of these relationships, and access to resources of organisations from more than 90 countries. Many DAC members, including Sweden, played crucial and constructive roles in developing and agreeing to a comprehensive Recommendation. The Recommendation addresses long-standing and critical issues in strengthening all civil society as development actors in their own right and in holding governments to account.


While we recognize that all adherents face challenges in implementing the Recommendation’s 28 key principles and commitments, we are gravely concerned by the signals arising from the abrupt decisions taken in the last month in Sweden, which dramatically affect the following key commitments:


Meaningful and inclusive consultation and due diligence

Among the important goals embedded in the Recommendation is the central role of full and inclusive consultation with civil society in establishing policies or strategies for working with civil society “in both partner countries or territories and provider countries” [Pillar Two, §1]. On March 15, the 17 strategic partner organizations (SPOs) received the abrupt announcement that by December 31st all Sida agreements will be terminated, with no prior consultation. This decision severely affects current and future programming by more than 1,750 civil society organizations in 90 countries, who had no opportunity to engage with Sida in this decision. These organizations across the global south have been working with marginalized populations in countries where civic space is already challenging and often very constrained. There is no evidence that Sida undertook even minimal due diligence or consultation to determine the impact of its March decision on these organizations and their constituencies. Those who have trusted in their Swedish partners and Sida´s consistent and responsive support for many years now face a highly uncertain future at best, in very difficult partner country contexts.


Flexible and predictable programmatic and core support

Adherents to the Recommendation have committed to work through funding modalities for civil society that are “flexible and predictable support, core support and/or programmatic support” [Pillar Two, §3]. Sida has the very unrealistic and unworkable expectation that organizations, from both Sweden and the global south, will now be able to create concept notes or letters of interest for an expected call-for-proposals as early as May, for which at the time of writing there is no information as to the terms, conditions and scope of such proposals. Such a narrow window for alternative funding is deeply disrespectful, to say the least, of the programmatic integrity of CSOs, as development actors in their own right, and for the necessary consultations and engagement with their constituencies and counterparts.


Investing in leadership of local civil society in partner countries

All adherents to the Recommendation shall “promote and invest in the leadership of local civil society in partner countries.” [Pillar Two, §4] While recognizing that a lot of work remains to be done in complex realities for civil society, CSOs in the global south and the global north have been pro-actively engaged in actions that strengthen southern civil society leadership, working towards power shifts within equitable and complementary CSO partnerships, and supporting substantial and meaningful access for direct provider funding for southern CSOs. These are complex processes requiring a stronger commitment to change on the part of civil society, north and south, as well as on the part of provider terms and conditions for funding.


Enabling equitable partnerships


In indicating that all contracts with the 17 Strategic Partner Organizations (SPOs) under the civil society strategy will be terminated, Sida has provided no information on its changing priorities for supporting civil society and the appropriate modalities of support to do so. The Community of Practice’s work on good practice (i.e. the Toolkit on Shifting Power within Partnerships) points to the importance of creating diverse provider funding modalities that enable powershifts and incentivize more equitable partnerships, but also respond to the different and often complex realities within which CSOs work in the global south.


In all provider contexts, including Sweden, significantly increased opportunities for direct support for CSOs in the global south is an essential part of a positive change in funding modalities, with conditions determined through consultation. At the same time, national CSOs in provider countries and/or international CSOs remain essential civil society actors working through specific mutually supportive relationships with partner country CSOs that are formed around shared long term strategic goals, often in very difficult environments.


In fact, Sida’s 2023 Guideline for the Strategic Partner Organizations were recently highlighted by the DAC Community of Practice as a good practice example in responding to these complexities as convenors, connectors, fiscal agents and amplifiers of development issues, while strengthening local ownership and leadership. But these relationships must also be subject to continued and collaborative re-examination of roles, which can call for deep reforms in CSO practices. Sida’s March decision provides no opportunity to do so.


Do no harm

Finally, it is not clear how Sida will effectively and efficiently manage the movement of sub-contracting from the 17 Strategic Partner Organizations into its direct administrative mandate in a matter of months. We understand these management issues are currently under review, but seemingly an abrupt decision was made irrespective of the outcome for Sida’s organizational capacities and its impact on partners and support for civil society going forward.


Importantly, the DAC Recommendation calls on all adherents to take “reasonable steps to do no harm to civic space in partner countries or territories.” [Pillar One, §4] It seems clear that these precipitate actions by Sida will in fact have a significant negative impact on civic space in a range of countries. There is ample evidence from other contexts – including the UK and Canada – of abrupt funding cuts and decisions adversely affecting the lives of those in need.


Upholding the development effectiveness principles


Sweden is currently in a leadership role as a co-chair for the Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation. It has a special responsibility to promote the Partnership’s four development effectiveness principles, not least the essential principle of strengthening local ownership. But equally important are the principles of working through inclusive partnerships and ensuring effective mutual accountability and transparency.


As long-standing friends of Sweden’s development cooperation and its leadership and commitment to enabling civil society, we are deeply concerned that the nature of the decisions of the past month will ultimately undermine leadership by civil society across the global south, disable critical north/south relationships of solidarity, and ignore decades of important collaboration, experiences and knowledge in civil society both north and south.


In conclusion, we encourage all adherents to the Recommendation to take on board all the inter-related commitments in the Recommendation’s three Pillars when undertaking reform in their civil society policies and practices, and to do so in close collaboration with all affected CSOs, north and south.


Sincerely,


1. 11.11.11, Belgium

2. A 11 - Initiative for Economic and Social Rights, Serbia

3. ABF BUSOVAČA, Bosnia and Herzegovina

4. Accountable Now, Global Network

5. ACODEV, Belgium

6. APCOB, Bolivia

7. ACT Alliance, Global Network

8. ACTing Together Program, Guatemala

9. Action, Gouvernance, Intégration,Renforcement, Groupe de travail en Santé et Développement en abrégé (AGIR/SD), Burkina Faso

10. Adad Malore, Albania

11. ADEL Morazán, El Salvador

12. ADIC, Sri Lanka

13. Advocates for Social Change Kenya, Kenya

14. African Institute of Corporate Citizenship, Malawi 15. Afrikagrupperna, Sweden

16. AGIMS, Guatemala

17. Agora Centre, Bosnia and Herzegovina 18. AidWatch Canada

19. AKÜ, Estonia

20. All Africa Conference of Churches, Regional

21. Alianza Politica Sector de Mujeres, APSM, Guatemala

22. Alliance Sud, Switzerland

23. Ambrela - Platform for Development Organisations, Slovakia

24. AMSATI, El Salvador

25. Applied Research Institute ARIJ, West Bank

26. Artikel2, Sweden

27. Associação Civil Alternativa Terrazul, Brasil

28. Associação Civil Escola Sem Muros Grupo Eco - Favela Santa Marta - Rio de Janeiro - Brazil

29. Asociación de Cooperación para el Desarrollo Rural de Occidente, CDRO, Guatemala

30. Asociación para el Desarrollo Integral de las Víctimas de la Violencia en las Verapaces Maya Achi (ADIVIMA), Guatemala

31. Asociación Coordinadora de Comunidades Afectadas por la Construccción de la Hidroeléctrica Chixoy (COCAHICH), Guatemala

32. ASOCIACION COMUNITARIA PARA EL DESARROLLO SERJUS, Guatemala 33. Asociación de Culturas Originarias Suma Kawsay - Peru

34. Asociación de Investigación y Especialización sobre Temas Iberoamericanos (AIETI), Spain

35. ASOCIACIÓN DE LIDERAZGO Y DESARROLLO EN MADRIZ, Nicaragua

36. Asociación de Mujeres Ixqanil, Guatemala

37. Asociación por la Paz y los Derechos Humanos Taula per Mèxic, Spain

38. Association Tin Tua du Burkina Faso, Burkina Faso

39. Association des Blogueurs du Burkina, Burkina Faso

40. Association Monde Rural (AMR), Burkina Faso

41. Association Nationale d Action pour Développement Intégral (ANADI), Senegal

42. Association "Nova generacija," Bosnia and Herzegovina

43. Australian Council for International Development, Australia

44. Bahay Tuluyan Foundation, Philippines

45. Bangladesh Legal Aid and Services Trust (BLAST), Bangladesh

46. Bangladesh Resource Centre for Indigenous Knowledge (BARCIK), Bangladesh

47. Belarusian National Youth Council (RADA), Belarus

48. Bench Marks Foundation, South Africa

49. Bangladesh Legal Aid and Services Trust (BLAST), Bangladesh

50. Bond, CSO Platform, United Kingdom

51. Broederlijk Delen, Belgium

52. Brot für die Welt, Germany

53. Building Community Voice (BCV), Cambodia

54. Cambodian Center for Human Right (CCHR), Cambodia

55. Cambodian Journalists Alliance Association (Cambo-JA), Cambodia

56. Cambodian League for the Promotion and Defense of Human Rights (LICADHO), Cambodia

57. Censat Agua Viva (Friends of Earth), Colombia

58. Center for Alliance of Labor and Human Rights (CENTRAL), Cambodia

59. Center for Civic Cooperation, Bosnia and Herzegovina

60. Center for Democratic Governance (CDG), Burkina Faso

61. Center for Youth Advocacy and Networking (CYAN Pilipinas Inc), Philippines

62. Center for youth education, Bosnia and Herzegovina

63. Centre d'Etudes et de Recherche Appliquée en Finances Publiques (CERA/FP), Burkina Faso

64. Centre Delwende de Sakoula, Burkina Faso

65. Centre for Environmental Justice, Sri Lanka

66. Centre for Improved Rural Health and Environmental Protection (CIRHEP), India

67. Center for Migrant Advocacy, Philippines

68. Centre Internacional Escarré per les Minories Ètniques i les Nacions (CIEMEN), Catalonia

69. Centre for Research and Advocacy, Manipur, India

70. Center for Support Organisations, Bosnia and Herzegovina

71. Centre for Youth Work, Serbia 72. Centro de Defesa dos Direitos Humanos, Brasil

73. Centro de Desarrollo Agropecuario (CEDAP), Peru

74. Centro de Estudios para el Desarrollo Regional (CEDER), Perú

75. Centro de Tecnologias Alternativas Populares – CETAP, Passo Fundo Rio Grande do Sul – Brazil

76. Centro Ecológico, Brazil

77. Centro de Estudios e Investigación sobre Mujeres (CEIM), Spain 78. CEHPRODEC, Honduras

79. Civil Society Budget Advocacy Group (CSBAG), Uganda

80. Civil Society Platform for Peacebuilding and Statebuilding (CSPPS), Netherlands

81. Civil Society Reference Group, Kenya

82. Christian Aid, United Kingdom

83. CIUDADANIA, Bolivia

84. Clean Clothes Campaign International Office, Netherlands

85. Clowns without Borders Sweden, Sweden

86. CNCD-11.11.11, Belgium

87. Colors Rainbow, Myanmar

88. COMISION INTERECLESIAL DE JUSTICIA Y PAZ- Colombia

89. Commerce and Services Trade Union, Bosnia and Herzegovina

90. Committee for Free and Fair Elections in Cambodia (COMFREL), Cambodia

91. Commission épiscopale Justice et Paix du Burkina Faso (CJP-Burkina), Burkina Faso

92. Community Development Support Services (CDSS), South Sudan

93. COMUNA/PBFCC, Bolivia

94. Comunidad de Juristas Akubadaura, Colombia

95. CONCORD, European CSO Platform 96. CONCORD Sweden

97. CONFRAS, El Salvador

98. Confederation of Autonomous Trade Unions of Serbia, Serbia

99. Confederation of Autonomous Trade Unions of Vojvodina, Serbia

100. Conseil national des organisation de la société civile du Burkina Faso (CNOSC/BF), Burkina Faso

101. Convention des Organisations de la société civile pour l’Observation Domestique des Élections (CODEL), Burkina Faso

102. Coop. Comunidad del Sur, Montevideo-Uruguay

103. Cooperation Committee for Cambodia (CCC), Cambodia

104. Cooperation Canada, CSO Platform, Canada

105. Coordinadora Galega de ONG para o Desenvolvemento, Spain

106. Coordinadora de ONGD de Castilla-La Mancha, Spain

107. Coordinadora de ONGD-España, Spain

108. Coordinadora Valenciana de ONGD, Spain

109. COPINH, Honduras

110. Cordaid, Netherlands

111. Corporación para el Desarrollo Regional, Colombia

112. Corporación Serraniagua, Organización Campesina Ambiental Comunitaria, El Cairo - Colombia

113. Council for People's Development and Governance (CPDG), Philippines

114. Council of Churches, Zambia

115. Conseil National de la Jeunesse du Burkina Faso (CNJ-BF), Burkina Faso

116. Croatian Platform for International Citizen Solidarity (CROSOL), Croatia

117. Czech Forum for Development Cooperation (FoRS), Czechia

118. Nagorik Uddyog (NU), Bangladesh

119. David Ntseng Director at Church Land Programme, South Africa

120. DCA, Denmark

121. Democratic Dialogue Network, Serbia

122. Democratic Dialogue Network, Serbia

123. Diakonia, Sweden

124. Dóchas, Ireland

125. East Cape Agricultural Research Project, South Africa

126. Ecobarrial, Centro de Ecología Social, Chile 127. ECLOF International, Switzerland

128. Economic and Social Development Center ESDC, West Bank and Gaza Strip

129. ECPAT, Philippines

130. EducommuniK, Burkina Faso

131. Entrepueblos/Entrepobles/Entrepobos/Herriarte, Spain

132. Emthonjeni Women’s Forum, Zimbabwe

133. Equality Myanmar, Myanmar

134. Equitable Cambodia (EC), Cambodia 135. ERA-LGBTI Equal Rights Association, Serbia

136. ERIKS Development Partner, Sweden

137. Espacio de Cooperación para la Paz, Colombia

138. EU-LAT Advocacy Network, regional network Europe

139. Eurodad, Regional Network

140. Fairtrade Sverige, Sweden

141. Farmers Union of Malawi, Malawi

142. Fasocheck Association, Burkina Faso

143. FECCEG, Guatemala

144. FEDECARIBE, Colombia

145. Federación de Centros Awá del Ecuador, Ecuador

146. Felm, Finland

147. FESPAD, El Salvador

148. FIAN Zambia

149. Fundación San Alonso Rodríguez, FSAR, Honduras

150. FUNDASAL, El Salvador

151. Finn Church Aid, Finland

152. Finnish Development NGOs (Fingo), CSO Platform, Finland

153. Fishworkers' Solidarity, Philippines

154. Friends of the Earth International, International Organization

155. ForumCiv, Sweden

156. Forum MNE, Montenegro

157. Forum of Cotton Producers, FONPA, Mozambique

158. Framtidsjorden, Sweden

159. Fundación ALTROPICO, Ecuador

160. Fundação CEPEMA, Brazil

161. Fundación de Culturas Indígenas Kawsay-Ecuador

162. Fundación InteRed, Spain

163. Fundación Myrna Mack, Guatemala

164. Fundación para el Desarrollo y Fortalecimiento de las Organizaciones de Base (FUNDEBASE), Guatemala

165. Fundación Pereyra, Argentina

166. Gender and Development for Cambodia (GADC), Cambodia

167. Global Citizen, International Organization

168. Global Idé, Sweden

169. Global Interfaith Network For People of All Sexes, Sexual Orientations, Gender Identities and Expressions, South Africa

170. Grameena Mahila Okkuta, India

171. groundWork, Friends of the Earth, South Africa

172. HEKS/EPER Swiss Church Aid, Switzerland

173. IBON Foundation, Philippines

174. IBON International, International NGO 175. ICADE, Honduras

176. Iglesia Filipina Independiente, Philippines 177. Iniciativa Mesoamericana de Mujeres Defensoras de Derechos Humanos, regional Latin America

178. Institute for National and Democracy Studies (INDIES), Indonesia

179. Institute of Permaculture of Mozambique, IPERMO, Mozambique

180. Institute of Politics and Governance (IPG), Philippines

181. Instituto de Comunicación y Desarrollo (ICD), Uruguay 182. Instituto de Ecología Política, Chile

183. International Action for Peace (IAP), Spain

184. International Labour, Research and Information Group, South Africa

185. International Network Of Religious Leaders Living With or Personally Affected by HIV and AIDS (INERELA+), South Africa

186. International Office for Human Rights Action on Colombia, OIDHACO, European regional network

187. International Platform against Impunity, Guatemala

188. Inter Pares, Canada

189. IOGT-NTO Movement, Sweden

190. IPDRS, Bolivia

191. JA!FOE, Moçambique

192. JANIC, Japan

193. Jordens Vänner / Friends of the Earth Sweden, Sweden

194. Justapaz, Colombia

195. Justiça Ambiental, JA, Mozambique

196. KAMP, Kosovo

197. Kareem Baptist Convention- Social Mission (KBC- SM), Myanmar

198. Kawsay Bolivia

199. KCOC Policy Center, Korea

200. Keystone Foundation, India

201. Khanya College Johannesburg Trust, South Africa

202. Klahaan, Cambodia

203. KUDUMBAM, India 204. Kvinna till Kvinna Foundation, Sweden

205. La Coordinadora de ONGD-España

206. La Plataforma DESCA, Colombia

207. La Via Campesina Southern and Eastern Africa (LVC SEAf), Regional Organization

208. Law & Society Trust (LST), Sri Lanka

209. Lawyers Collective José Alvear Restrepo (CAJAR), Colombia

210. Labor Education and Research Network (LEARN), Philippines

211. Labour Resource and Research Institute (LaRRI), Namibia 212. Ladakh Ecological Development Group, India

213. Lafede.cat organitzacions per la Justícia Global, Catalonia

214. Land Research Center (LRC), West Bank 7

215. LatFem, Regional Latin America 216. Legal Assistance Centre, Namibia

217. Leornard Cheshire Disability, Zimbabwe

218. Le secrétariat permanent des organisations Non Gouvernementales du Burkina Faso, Burkina Faso

219. Listeners without Borders, Sweden 220. Livaningo, Mozambique

221. Lliga dels Drets dels Pobles, Catalunya, Spain

222. Lutheran World Federation, Switzerland

223. Lutheran World Federation / World Service – Central America Programme

224. Lutheran World Service India Trust, India

225. Malawi Union of Savings and Credit Cooperation (MUSCCO), Malawi

226. MECOOVISURH, Honduras

227. Milieudefensie / Friends of the Earth, Netherlands

228. Movimiento Agroecológico de América Latina, MAELA, regional Latin America

229. Mujeres Workers Progressive Alliance, Philippines

230. Murang'a Avocado Farmers Cooperative Union Ltd, Kenya

231. Muslim Women’s Research and Action Forum, Sri Lanka

232. MyRight, Sweden

233. National Association of Youth Organizations (NAYO), Zimbabwe

234. National Commission for Human Rights Chile-Sweden, Sweden

235. National Confederation of Transport Workers Union (NCTU), Philippines

236. National Council of Churches, Philippines

237. National council of Swedish children and youth organizations (LSU), Sweden

238. National Confederation of Transportworkers Union (NCTU), Philippines

239. National Farmers’ Federation NFF, North Macedonia

240. NGO Forum on Cambodia, Cambodia

241. ngo-federatie, the Flemish federation of development CSOs, Belgium

242. Nicaraguan Network of Community Trade (RENICC), Nicaragua

243. NIRMAN, India

244. NOAH Friends of the Earth, Denmark

245. Norwegian Church Aid (NCA), Norway

246. Olof Palmes Internationella Center, Sweden

247. Operation 1325, Sweden

248. Organic Producers & Processors Association of Zambia, Zambia

249. Organization for Nonviolence and Development (ONAD), South Sudan

250. Organization for Women's Development in Bangladesh, Bangladesh

251. Organisation pour le Renforcement des Capacités de Développement, Burkina Faso 252. Oxfam, International CSO

253. Palestinian Agricultural Cooperative Union (PACU), West Bank

254. Palestinian Working Women Society for Development (PWWSD), West Bank

255. Palhaços Sem Fronteiras, Brasil

256. People's Action for Free and Fair Elections, Sri Lanka

257. People's Process on Housing and Poverty in Zambia (PPHPZ), Zambia

258. PIANGO, Pacific Region

259. Plan International, International CSO

260. Plataforma Colombiana de Derechos Humanos, Democracia y Desarrollo (PCDHDD), Colombia

261. PMU, Sweden

262. Portuguese NGDO Platform, Portugal

263. Positive Vibes, Namibia

264. Praktisk Solidaritet, Sweden

265. Promotion of Family Health Association, Laos

266. Pro Public, Nepal

267. Reality of Aid Africa Network, Regional Network

268. Reality of Aid – Asia Pacific, Regional Network

269. Red de ONGD de Madrid, Spain

270. Red Jesuita Con Migrantes de Centroamérica (RJM CA), Regional Network

271. RED MUJER RURAL AREQUIPA, Perú

272. Redes AT, Uruguay

273. Red de Trabajadoras Domésticas, Honduras

274. Rendir Cuentas, Latín America and the Caribbean, Regional Network

275. RFSL, Sweden

276. Ruta Pacífica de las Mujeres, Colombia

277. Safety and Rights Society (SRS), Bangladesh

278. Sahmakum Teang Tnaut (STT), Cambodia

279. Save a Life, Sri Lanka 280. Save the Children, International CSO

281. Schumacher Centre, India

282. Self Help Development Foundation, Zimbabwe

283. SIMCARRD, Philippines

284. SLOGA, Platform of Slovenian NGOs, Slovenia

285. Small Producers Development and Transporters Association (SPRODETA), Malawi

286. SOBREVIVENCIA, Amigos de la Tierra, Paraguay

287. Social Association for Rural Advancement (SARA), Bangladesh

288. Social Policy Initiative (SPI), South Africa

289. SOLIDAR, European CSO Network

290. Srushtidnyan, India

291. Students' Educational and Cultural Movement of Ladakh, India

292. Suriya Women’s Development Centre, Sri Lanka

293. Svalorna Latinamerika, Sweden

294. Swallows India Bangladesh, Sweden

295. Swedish Association for Sexuality Education (RFSU), Sweden

296. Swedish Committee for Afghanistan, Sweden

297. Swedish Development Forum (FUF), Sweden

298. Swedish Fellowship of Reconciliation, Sweden

299. Swedish Foundation for Human Rights, Sweden

300. Swedish Society for Nature Conservation, Sweden

301. Synergie des Femmes de la Société Civile (SYFES), DRC

302. Training Education Development Extension Trust, India

303. Tzuk Kim-pop, Guatemala

304. Udayankur Seba Sangstha (USS), Bangladesh

305. Uganda Cooperative Savings and Credit Union (UCSCU), Uganda

306. Une Gruaja, Albania

307. Union for Development and Integration of Roma Minority in Albania “Amaro-Drom”, Albania

308. Union of Agricultural Work Committees (UAWC), West Bank and Gaza Strip

309. Unite Theatre for Social Action (UTSA), Bangladesh

310. Vikas Adhyayan Kendra, India

311. Vive Vene, Bosnia Herzegovina

312. Warande Advisory Centre, Kenya

313. Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA), Regional Organization

314. We Effect, Sweden

315. Wemos, The Netherlands

316. Women's Academy For Leadership and Political Excellence (WALPE), Zimbabwe

317. Women’s Education and Research Centre (WERC), Sri Lanka 318. Women Empowerment - Action (WE-Action), Ethiopia

319. Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, Zimbabwe

320. Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, DR Congo

321. Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, Colombia

322. Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, Cameroon

323. Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, Sweden

324. Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (International Secretariat), Geneva

325. Women’s Legal Resource Centre, Malawi

326. WoMIN African Alliance, Sweden

327. World Concern Myanmar, Myanmar

328. World Council of Churches, Switzerland

329. Youth Empowerment and Transformation Trust, Zimbabwe

330. YMCA, Ghana

331. YMCA, Madagascar

332. YWCA, Palestine

333. YMCA, Senegal

334. YWCA-YMCA, Sweden

335. YMCA, Togo

336. Zambia Alliance of Women (ZAW), Zambia

337. Zambia Climate Change Network (ZCCN), Zambia

338. Zambia Homeless and Poor People's Federation, Zambia

339. Zambia National Women’s Lobby, Zambia

340. Zambia Youth Federation, Zambia


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